The community led total sanitation project will improve the health and well-being of 5000 people in Chidobe Ward, Hwange District, Matabeleland North Zimbabwe by reducing the waterborne and poor sanitation related diseases. This will be achieved by increasing access to sustainable water sources and improving sanitation and hygiene practices. The percentage of the people with access to proper sanitation facilities will improve from 32% to 100% in 24 months, 80% of households will have an improved understanding of good hygiene behaviors. In addition, 100% of targeted communities will eliminate open defecation.
Work associated with this project will include:
- Providing appropriate sanitation facilities in households and schools
- Promoting elimination of open defecation in targeted communities.
- Empower beneficiaries to manage and sustain WASH facilities
- Conducting health/hygiene education as a key element to promoting health and well-being in the targeted communities.
- Advocating for good quality and increased quality of water through boreholes equipped with hand pumps or mechanized system with taps.
- Emphasizing establishing a productive working arrangement between the communities, business community and other partners for efficient and sustainable service delivery and infrastructure management.
Community Led Total Sanitation: This is an integral approach to achieve and sustain community status as free of open defecation. Community Led Sanitation leads a community analysis of its sanitation profile and, its defecation practice and the consequences, leading to collective action to eliminate open defecation.In order to eliminate open defecation the project seeks to promote sanitation through the formation of sanitation clubs:
Sanitation Clubs Concept the project will seek to form sanitation clubs in all the communities, these clubs will consist of at most 12 households per club. The club members will contribute towards the construction of uBVIPs (Upgradable Blair ventilated Improved Pit Latrine). The members contribute towards 1 bag of cement that will be used for pit lining and casting of the bottom slab, after casting and installing the vent pipe, then they use materials like grass, zinc, plastics for the super structure as they are looking for resources to build the super structure. The goal of this initiative is to ensure that in 12 months no club member is practicing open defecation and in the next 12 months they work towards building the proper super structure.
Sanitation Club Competitions these competitions will be held on a quarterly basis as a way of motivating community members to build toilets. From a survey conducted it has been realized that the communities work well if there is something that is motivating them. This method will encourage community members to build more toilets in a short space of time using more resources than the resources that will be used to motivate them eg. If a village can have 30 sanitation clubs, it means they will be construct 90 toilets in three months with an average cost of RTGS $ 9450 and for competitions the project just puts 20% of the total cost of the toilets constructed as the price for motivating the club towards the construction of the toilets. The money that a club wins is channeled back to the construction of more toilets. The money they win is meant to help them build more toilets.
Hygiene will be promoted through school health programs and community health club program. This will be achieved using the Participatory health and Hygiene model in the communities and Child Hygiene and Sanitation program in schools. Healthy Homes Competitions, Community and School Health Club competitions will be held biannually. This program will be coordinated by Village health Workers and School Health Coordinators.
Water sources and water quality monitoring
The project will advocate for the drilling of at least three new boreholes and rehabilitation of at least 10 of the already existing boreholes for the community during the project time line. A committee responsible for the management of water sources will be elected and trained.
Water Quality Testing
Water quality testing is very critical in the Community Led Total Sanitation program. The tests look for:
- E. coli (fecal coliforms) contamination with fecal matter
- Turbidity – The measure of waters cloudiness that is associated with things like soil erosion, waste discharge, run off, rusty pipes, sediments and algae growth
- pH levels- the measure of alkalinity and acidity which might affect pipe corrosion and rusting.
The project will work with community leadership to select the beneficial communities based on need and ability to take ownership of and sustain improvements. Selected communities will learn about their expected roles and responsibilities as well as their obligation to ensure national rules are met.